PEG (Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy)

PEG-perkutan-endoskopik-gastrostomi

In the field of gastroenterology, certain conditions may require long-term enteral nutrition. For these needs, Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) is emerging as a solution.

PEG What is it used for?

PEG provides long-term enteral nutrition for patients who have lost the ability to feed by mouth or through the esophagus. This includes patients with head and neck cancer, neurological disorders (for example, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis or stroke) or severe swallowing disorders.

How is a PEG procedure performed?

The PEG procedure is usually performed under general anesthesia. The endoscope is placed in the patient’s mouth and guided into the stomach. A hole is made with a needle through the skin into the stomach and a feeding tube is inserted into this hole. Once the tube is in place, nutritional solutions are fed directly into the stomach through this tube.

Advantages and Risks of PEG

PEG provides patients with nutrition, which helps to maintain their nutritional status and overall health. However, like any medical procedure, PEG has potential risks. Complications such as infection, skin irritation, gastric perforation and aspiration pneumonia can occur. However, these risks can be minimized with an experienced physician performing the procedure and appropriate follow-up.

Percutaneous Endoscopic Gastrostomy (PEG) is a valuable tool to meet the need for long-term enteral nutrition for certain patients. This technique can significantly improve the quality of life of patients in need of this type of nutrition. However, the risks and benefits of a PEG procedure should be carefully evaluated for each patient and this should be done through a detailed discussion with your doctor.